Basics Of Computer And Software Technology

Computer technology is the technical area that deals with information-processing systems and devices. It’s usually about computers. The basics of computer technology build on digital technology and microelectronics.

Computer technology consists of the sub-areas of computer architectures, processor architectures, storage technologies and the interfaces between man and machine. People use computer technology in microprocessors, computers in general and hardware-related software.

Computer technology is part of many courses. Some examples are computer science, electrical engineering and automation technology.

What is hardware?

Hardware is the collective term for all devices or parts in computer technology. This includes everything that is “hard”, i.e. that can be touched.

Basic information about software

In computer technology, software stands for programs and operating systems that can be stored in digital memory.

The operating system and application programs that give life to the microcomputer are stored in ROM in a non-volatile manner. Nowadays, software such as club software (vereinssoftware) is more likely to be stored on a hard drive. When the computer is turned on, the data is loaded from ROM or hard disk into memory and executed.

The firmware designates special software that controls the basic functions of the respective hardware component.

Software: programs and applicationsCampai

  • Office Applications/Office
  • Image editing
  • Video editing
  • CAD
  • Measuring technology
  • Control technology
  • Games
  • System program

Standards in computer engineering

In the IT field, file formats and protocols that do not conform to generally accepted standards are referred to as “proprietary”. These are, so to speak, “in-house” developments that are not open source and usually require a license.

While individual companies created industry standards in the early days of computer technology, many companies are now forming groups to jointly develop and promote standards.

Standards offer buyers more choice, compatibility and investment security. However, the hardware manufacturers suffer from the fact that they can hardly set themselves apart from the competition. Constantly falling prices with a simultaneous increase in performance is good for customers. This creates a market environment in which manufacturers and dealers find it very difficult. The computer industry is considered to be the market with the lowest margins. The price of standard components is falling extremely quickly.